Cape Mounted Rifles (Imperial), 1827—1870
In August 1827 it was decided to make a change in the Cape Regiment. The infantry companies were abolished and the regiment was reorganized into a cavalry unit. The name was changed to the Cape Mounted Riflemen.
In 1869 the Imperial Government decided, for reasons of economy, to reduce the garrison in the Cape Colony and the following year, in 1870, the Queen’s Regiment of Cape Mounted Riflemen was called to England to be disbanded.
Cape Mounted Rifles (Colonial), 1878—1913
In 1878 it was decided to reorganize the Frontier Armed and Mounted Police as the Cape Mounted Riflemen (Colonial).
In 1913, as part of the restructuring of the Union Defence Forces, the C.M.R. was absorbed into the South African Mounted Rifles Brigade as the 1st Regiment, S.A.M.R.